EEA Family Permit
Citizens of EEA countries have the right to live and work in the UK under European law. Any family members or the spouse of an EEA National can also enjoy the right to live and work in the UK alongside the EEA national – even if they do not belong to an EEA nation themselves.
Any citizen of an EEA country wishing to take up residency in the UK is also permitted to bring their dependant family. If the candidate is the national of an old EEA country then they can enter the UK with minimum documentation. The candidate is not required to apply for entry clearance but may be asked to provide some evidence such as their passport or national identity card for verification.
Conditions of EEA Family Permit (for non-EU citizens in the UK)
An EEA family permit entitles EEA nationals and their dependants the right of residence and employment in the UK. The permit enables holders the following:
- Take up employment
- Accept any job offers
- Start a business
- Manage a UK company
- Set up a local branch of a company
EEA nationals do not require a UK work permit for any of these employment opportunities. No employment offer is required for an EEA family permit application. If the applicant can support themselves and any dependant while staying in the UK, this is a fairly straightforward route for living and working in the UK.
For more information about the EEA family permit, contact our team of experts on +44 (0)20 3627 4777.
Conditions of the EEA Family Permit
The EEA Family Permit is granted for a period of 5 years where the holder is entitled to unrestricted employment opportunities. The EEA national will need to spend 4 years and 11 months in the UK on this permit. After 5 years continuous stay in the UK, permit holders are eligible to apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain. If the EEA citizen does not have a residence permit and is coming from outside the UK, they are issued with a 6-month EEA family permit in which they are permitted unrestricted employment in the UK for this duration. The EEA citizen is expected to apply for a residence permit within these 6 months and their dependants should at the same time apply for the EEA Family Permit.
EEA Residence Permit Eligibility
An EEA family permit is offered only to nationals who are able to fulfil the following eligibility criteria:
- A national of one of the EEA member countries
- EEA nationals must have sufficient funds to support themselves and any dependants in the UK without recourse to public funds. Nationals who are retired or students can also obtain this permit provided they fulfil this criterion
- EEA nationals wishing to set up a business in the UK must submit a detailed business plan.
- This permit is usually granted to those who wish to come to the UK for an extended period of time. Applications are likely to be unsuccessful if they are for stays of less than three months.
- This immigration route is not intended for work. Applications are declined if the reason for entering the UK is for employment purposes.
EEA Family Members & Dependants
EEA dependants are classified as follows:
- The spouse or civil partner of the candidate
- Durable partners (i.e. if you have lived with your partner and are able to prove that your relationship is genuine)
- Children or grandchildren of the candidate, or their spouse or civil partner, under the age of 21
- Parents or grandparents of the candidate or their spouse or civil partner
Distant relatives of an EEA national may also come under the definition of a family member if they can prove that they are financially dependent on the candidate. In case the candidate is a student, only his or her spouse or civil partner or any dependant children will be entitled to a right of residence.
If you are in the UK Illegally or have overstayed your visa, you will still be able to apply under this category being a spouse or child of an EEA National.
Duration of the EEA family permit
Whilst the permit is for 5 years, EEA nationals are able to apply to stay in the UK indefinitely. After successfully completing a period of 5 years in the UK, EEA nationals become eligible to apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain, also known as permanent residence. Those EEA nationals who have successfully obtained Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) are then eligible to apply for British naturalisation.
Eligibility Criteria for Indefinite Leave to Remain
Permanent Residence in the UK is granted only to those individuals who have lived in the UK for 5 years and have excercised their treaty rights in the UK, with proof of a continuous 5-year period for the respective categories under the EEA regulation of 2006.
There are a few conditions which an applicant has to follow:
- Not remained outside the UK for more than 2 years whilst on their visa (this does not apply to British Overseas Citizens and British Protected Persons).
- Not undertaken any activities that would be regarded as a criminal offence.
Occurrence of any of the above conditions can lead to loss of Indefinite Leave to Remain status, so it is crucial that all conditions are adhered to by the applicant.
‘Surinder Singh Route’
The ‘Surinder Singh’ route is a route for British citizens to bring their non-EEA dependant family members to the UK using the EEA Regulations as opposed to the strict UK Immigration Rules. The British citizen needs to exercise their treaty right as either a worker or a self-employed person in another EEA member state for a period of time, they can then bring their non-EEA dependant relative to the UK under the EEA Regulations as they have exercised their right to free movement in other EEA member state.
Benefits to this route include not having to meet the very strict financial requirements under Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules that affect many applicants and their families.
Requirement in the amended Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2006
The requirement under Regulation 9 is that the centre of the British citizen’s life has transferred to the EEA member state where s/he resided as a worker or self-employed individual. Relevant factors as to whether the centre of the British citizen’s life has transferred to another EEA member state include:
the period of residence in the EEA State as a worker or self-employed person;
- the location of the British citizen’s principal residence;
- the degree of integration of the British citizen into the EEA State.
O v The Netherlands (Case C-456/12) – new case which sets new guidance
This case sets new guidance for the ‘Surinder Singh’ route and is the applicable law for all future cases under the route. The case states the following:
At least three months the period of residence in the EEA State is;
- any citizen of the Union can potentially benefit, not just workers and self-employed as previously;
- during the period of residence family life must have been ‘created or strengthened’;
- abuse of the rule is not permitted.
This case gives the requirements for ‘Surinder Singh’ to be engaged, that the period of residence in an EEA State should be at least three months, and that during the period of residence family life must have been strengthened or created.
Contact our team of visa experts on 0203 627 4777
Types of derivative rights of residence
You may qualify for a derivative right of residence in one of the following categories:
- The primary carer of a British citizen child or dependent adult, where requiring the primary carer to leave the UK would force that British citizen to leave the EEA (‘Zambrano’ cases);
- The primary carer of an EEA national child who is exercising free movement rights in the UK as a self-sufficient person (having comprehensive medical cover), where requiring the primary carer to leave the UK would prevent the EEA national child exercising those free movement rights (‘Chen’ cases);
- The child of an EEA national worker/former worker where that child is in education in the UK (‘Ibrahim and Teixeira’ cases);
- The primary carer of a child of an EEA national worker/former worker where that child is in education in the UK, and where requiring the primary carer to leave the UK would prevent the child from continuing their education in the UK (‘Ibrahim and Teixeira’ cases); or
- The dependent child aged under 18 of a primary carer in one of the categories set out above, where requiring that dependent child to leave the UK would force the primary carer to leave the UK with them.